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These agreements deal with trade in goods and are complemented by a series of other negotiations and preparations under way for future negotiations: the European Court of Justice has decided that the agricultural agreement and the fisheries agreement with Morocco will not apply to Western Sahara in December 2016 and February 2018 respectively. However, the European Parliament did not respect the Court of Justice and supported these two agreements in January 2019 and February 2019 respectively. The scope of these agreements is essentially limited to trade in goods and a number of bilateral negotiations are under way or are being prepared for further association agreements. These ongoing or upcoming negotiations are linked to further liberalisation of agricultural trade, liberalisation of trade in services, accreditation and acceptance of industrial products and convergence of legislation. Successive amendments to the agreement were introduced in the original text. This consolidated version is only of documentary value. The CCFTA is having an impact on all economic sectors, including agriculture, by removing tariff and non-tariff barriers. These are “WTO” and “new generation” agreements: they go beyond the WTO (for the protection of intellectual property, the opening of public procurement, competition rules, etc.) and require harmonization of legislation (in this case the adoption of the European regulatory system). They also liberalize investments and include an investor-state dispute settlement mechanism. 7200, the Council has decided to start negotiations on the liberalisation of agricultural products with the MDCs. The development of the situation at the international level has stimulated this reflection with a view to opening up market access on the European side. During the WTO negotiations between Uruguay (1986-1994) and the Doha Round (2001), the EU has already had to make some important concessions on agricultural trade. Pending a further increase in imports of agricultural products from third countries, the EU reformed its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 2003 and 2004.

This has also enabled the EU to make significant concessions on the free trade of agricultural products using MNCs. [19] In addition, MNCs, such as Morocco and Tunisia, would face the loss of preferential access to agriculture to the EU market, a phenomenon known as `preferential erosion` due to developments at the international level and the absence of additional EU market access obligations. [20] agricultural liberalization agreements have already been concluded with Egypt, Jordan and Israel. Negotiations with Morocco and Tunisia are ongoing, but they are making difficult progress. Although both countries are in favour of better access to the EU market, they fear the consequences of a gradual opening of their agricultural markets to EU products for their own economies [21]. The agreements already concluded provide for the abolition of tariffs on agricultural products in the protocols negotiated between the NJC and the EU.